The whole Gospel of Luke, furthermore, is about what the facts mean, about deeds and words, rather than just about the deeds, leaving the facts to speak for themselves. In reality, facts do not speak for themselves and do require explanation. Explaining the facts is the function of historians, like me. The reading for this Third Sunday of Easter, Luke 24:13-35, is part of the catechesis of the Risen Lord, Luke 24:1-53, explaining what the facts mean. In the process, Luke spreads out what the other Evangelists condense.
Just as Jesus continued to teach the Faithful after
his Resurrection, so he continues to teach the Faithful through the Church and
through his Eucharistic presence. The same
Wherein the Acts of the Apostles refers to
Searching for the right paths is a prudential unending task in this life. The certainty of the love of God made manifest in the life of Jesus is the over-arching purpose of both preaching and the proclamations of Luke, both in his Gospel and in the Acts of the Apostles. By mentioning conduct in both verses, 1 Peter 1:17-18 implies the need to search for right paths.
Because no human is omniscient, the task of searching for right paths becomes complicated. All humans act with some deficit in knowledge, in particular Saint Peter. Everyone feels that there are many people smarter than they are. Besides that, some people suffer from various forms of mental illness, especially dementia in old age. This means that everyone has a need to rely on good counsel, recognized in the breaking of the bread, Luke 24:30 and 35. Psalm 16:7 blesses the LORD who [directly] counsels me.
The disciples on their way to Emmaus claim “our chief priests and rulers” (
The disciples on their way to Emmaus headed in the
wrong direction politically, that is against
Luke 24:24 indicates a group went to the tomb to find
The first day of week that
the Lectionary uses to begin the reading, is not found in Luke 24:13, as
the Lectionary indicates, but rather is a carry-over from 24:1. The issue is how to express when the
Resurrection did occur, after three days or on the first day of the week. The Syrian tradition is after three days, the
Greek on the first day of the week. The
difference is in theological emphasis. Luke 42:21 notes, it is now the third day.
The third day of
The third day in Luke 24:1-9, 21-24, 46 is also an allusion to the Septuagint Prophet Josiah 5:15—6:4. The third day of Luke 24:7, 21, and 46 fulfilled the prophecy of Josiah 5:3. Because the contemporary Aramaic Jewish Targum for Josiah surprisingly omits any reference to the third day, suspicion of a translation conflict arises between the apostolic church and Jewish contemporaries. This conflict, in turn, may mark the definitive split between church and synagogue between 85 and 100 AD. After that time, rabbinic commentators return to the third day, assigning it to the final resurrection of the Faithful.
The third day in
Luke, written about 90 AD, shows no sign of the earlier
One young scholar,
Taken together, Luke is about the triumphal announcement that all of the prophecies are fulfilled in the Easter Resurrection, especially seen in these readings at Luke 24:25-27. Jesus himself began the first catechesis of the primitive Church, with the burning hearts of Luke 24:32, a catechesis that continues through the ages to the present time. Luke 24:19 shows a unity mighty in deed and word. The word part of the unity is a unity of ideas and understanding.
Even the charge foolish
does not cause the disciples to take note of just who was their companion. That recognition only came with the breaking
of the bread in verse 31, after which Jesus vanished
from their sight.
The Church took four centuries before settling on a standard behavior for saying Mass, something still unsettled and unsettling. Comfort must not be the issue. Courage in the face of uncertainty must be closer to the issue. Behavior and behavior patterns deserve an ongoing examination of conscience.
If God is fulfilling his promises in the Faithful, then is nothing a sin for the Faithful? If the Faithful act with good intention, is there nothing else? That is right, there is nothing else. Good intention, however, includes the virtue of prudence. Prudence is that virtue, which not only keeps the other virtues in line with holiness, but prudence is also the virtue that inspires good intentions to change behavior. The search for prudence prevents the Faithful from complacency with their good fortune realizing the promises of Christ.
The overall thought for these readings is that God
assures the Faithful of everlasting life, of salvation from death, of an exodus
from the conflicts of this life, all through the Resurrection and Eucharistic
presence of Jesus Christ. The Acts of
the Apostles begins by quoting Psalm 19:8-11. 1
Scriptural references to the Lectionary follow. Since the main purpose of these Notes is annotating the scriptural references in the index at www.western-civilization.com, references pertinent, but not fitting the flow imposed above, are included below. I do not assume that the reader is following the readings cited either in the Lectionary or in the Bible. Like the footnotes, the citations are for reference purposes for anyone interested. The large, bold letters facilitate locating exactly what the Lectionary presents for these Notes.
Acts , 22-33
Psalm 16:1-2, 5, 7-8, 9-10, 11 (11a)
Psalm 16 is already written up at E:\Microsoft
The Lectionary uses this Psalm at four Sunday liturgies.
Readings Page in Verses used Responsorial Antiphon
41B 323 5, 8, 9-10, 11 (1) Easter
46A 369-370 1-2, 5, 7-8, 9-10, 11 (11a) Easter 3 Today
99C 675 1-2, 5, 7-8, 9-10, 11 (5a) Ordinary 13
158B 966 5, 8, 1-10, 11 (1) Ordinary 33
Psalm 16:2, both here and in Reading 99C, is only 2a, according to the Vulgate.
Psalm offers a sign of unsettling and unsettled sloppy scholarship, again.
41B fullness of joys in your presence
46A abounding joy in your presence
99C fullness of joys in your presence
158B fullness of joys in your presence
For more on sources see the Appendix file.
 St. Thérèse of Lisieux, The Story of a Soul: A New Translation, Robert J. Edmonson, CJ, (translator) (Brewster, Massachusetts: Paraclete Press, 2006).
 Joseph Jensen, O.S.B., “Yahweh’s Plan in Isaiah and the Rest of the Old Testament," the Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol. 48, No. 3 (July 1986), 453.
Jocelyn McWhirter, review of Holly E.