Reconciliation with God is the theme of these Notes. Joshua portrays God as handing over land flowing with milk and honey as a harbinger of eternal life in heaven. The Promised Land is symbolic of divine grace enabling the reconciliation. Both grace and the Promised Land enable the Faithful to reconcile themselves with the Father. The father of the Prodigal Son does give a gift to enable the reconciliation to take place.
Reconciliation requires effort, like that required for forty
years of nomadic life in the desert. According
The psalm is an intellectual acrostic,
deliberately working its way through how God provides the means for
reconciliation and that the Faithful require accepting reconciliation. Paul is dumbfounded at the enormity of what
has happened in grace. Paul regards
The Gospel about the Prodigal Son is fundamentally about reconciliation. The division of the inheritance implies a division of land with the Prodigal. This parable separates riches from the Father. The Prodigal then sells his land inheritance, leaving the agrarian economy, to spend his newfound riches on wanton women and loose living.
Most Reverend Arthur J. Serratelli, S.T.D., S.S.L, D.D.: the
reference, Joshua 5:12, seems inaccurate, as shown below. Contents in Care of the Sick is
Entrance into the Promised Land is a forerunner into entrance into heaven and everlasting life.
Verse 12 the citation for verse 12, “ … on that same day after the Passover … ,” seems inaccurate.
Lectionary (1998): …
The Vulgate (circa 410): hoc ipso die
Douay-Rheims (1582-1610): of the same year
New American (1970): …
New Jerusalem (1985): …
Psalm 34:2-3, 4-5, 6-7
This Psalm 34 is also used according to the following chart.
Reading Page verses
33C 208 2-3, 4-5, 6-7 (9a) Lent 4 (Today)
116B 759 2-3, 4-5, 6-7, 8-9 (9a) Ordinary 19
119B 776 2-3, 4-5, 6-7 (9a) Ordinary 20
122B 789 2-3, 16-17, 18-19, 20-21 (9a) Ordinary 21
150C 925 2-3, 17-18, 19, 23 (7a) Ordinary 30
#591 1158 2-3, 4-5, 6-7, 8-9 (8) Saints Peter and Paul
Reading 119B, for the Twentieth Sunday in Ordinary Time,
Care for the Sick uses Psalm 34, Part
Psalm 34 is a boast, a witness, and a message that God has saved the psalmsinger from his suffering. A change of life occurred. The goal of Psalm 34 is praise reconciling all with God. The Responsorial, taste and see carries the sense of sample the goodness of the Lord.
2 Corinthians 5:17-21
From Sunday, February 15, through Wednesday, February 18, Our
Lady of Mount Carmel Church hosted a Catholic Revival by the Paulist,
In verse 19, God reconciles the world to himself, meaning that the Faithful need to be careful about counter-culture. God does love the world and the Faithful would do well to love the world as well, without being worldly.
Verse 18, the word and
may be better translated by but. There is something of an opposition between
Lectionary (1998): And all this is from God
The Vulgate (circa 410): Omnia autem ex Deo
Douay-Rheims (1582-1610): But all things are of God
New American (1970): And all this is from God
New Jerusalem (1985): It is all God’s work.
The new life in
Anticipates the Gospel.
Verse 13, the Greek implies the Prodigal collects his
things, not to carry them away, but to sell before taking the proceeds away. Landowning was common at the time of
Verse 15, the Greek means pigs.
Lectionary (1998): swine
The Vulgate (circa 410): porcos (root for pork)
Douay-Rheims (1582-1610): swine
New American (1970): swine
New Jerusalem (1985): pigs
Justification is a gift of grace, but reconciliation is an
acceptance of that grace. Joshua is
about accepting the Promised Land as a forerunner of eternal life. Psalm 34 is about rejoicing in the Lord who
is prepared to reconcile everybody, taste and see, from suffering. The Second Reading is about an awe-struck
For more on sources, besides the footnotes, see the Appendix file.
Hendrikus Boers, “2 Corinthians 5:4—6:2: A Fragment of
 International Commission on English in the Liturgy: A Joint Commission of Catholic Bishops’ Conferences, The Roman Ritual: Revised by Decree of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council and Published by Authority of Pope Paul VI: Pastoral Care of the Sick: Rites of Anointing and Viaticum: Approved for Use in the Dioceses of the United States of America by the National Conference of Catholic Bishops and Confirmed by the Apostolic See (New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1983).
 International Commission on English in the Liturgy: A Joint Commission of Catholic Bishops’ Conferences, The Roman Ritual: Revised by Decree of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council and Published by Authority of Pope Paul VI: Pastoral Care of the Sick: Rites of Anointing and Viaticum: Approved for Use in the Dioceses of the United States of America by the National Conference of Catholic Bishops and Confirmed by the Apostolic See (New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1983) 296.