Eating got the First Family in trouble.  Fasting can keep the rest of the Faithful out of trouble.  Fasting helps keep the soul focused on praising God, rather than overly catering to worldly concerns epitomized by the belly.  That helps explain why Jesus fasted for forty days and forty nights.

 

 

Material above the solid line draws from material below the solid line.  Those uninterested in scholarly and tangential details should stop reading here.  If they do, however, they may miss some interesting material.

 

Readings

First Reading:                    Genesis 2:7-9; 3:1-7

Responsorial Psalm:          Psalm 51:3-4, 5-6, 12-13, 14, 17 (cf. 3a)

Second Reading:               Romans 5:12-19

Verse before the Gospel:   Matthew 4:4b

Gospel:                             Matthew 4:1-11

 

Annotated Bibliography

 

 

Genesis 2:7-9; 3:1-7

Gen 2:8

Steven L. McKenzie, review of Dean B. Deppe, All Roads Lead to the Text:  Eight Methods of Inquiry into the Bible.  A Template for Model Exegetical Examples Employing the Logos Bible Software[1]

 

 

Gen 2:9

Andrew R. Davis, “Eden Revisited:  A Literary and Theological Reading of Genesis 18:12-13”[2]

 

 

Genesis 3:1

Michael Stifel (1486-1567)[3]

 

 

Psalm 51:3-4, 5-6, 12-13, 14, 17 (cf. 3a)

Funerals uses Psalm 51:3-21, 347#4 in Part III: Texts of Sacred Scripture, 16. Antiphons and Psalms and 376 in Part IV: Office for the Dead, 17. Morning Prayer.[4]

 

Psalm 51:3-4, 5-6, 12-13, 14, 17 (cf. 3a)[5]

John Calvin (1509-1564)

 

Peter Riedemann (1506-1556)

 

Martin Luther (1483-1546)

 

Formula of Concord (1577)

 

Dirk Philips (1504-1568)

 

Luther

 

Katharina Schütz Zell (1497/98-1562)

 

Rudolf Gwalther (1519-1586)

 

Catholic

John Fisher (1469-1535)

 

John Donne (1572-1631)

 

Gwalther

 

Calvin

 

Luther

 

Jacopo Sadoleto (1477-1547)

 

Nikolaus Selnecker (1530-1592)

 

Philipp Melanchthon (1497-1560)

 

Sebastian Münster (1489-1552)

 

Moïse Amyraut (1596-1664)

 

Calvin

 

Melanchthon

 

Zell

 

Andreas von Karlstadt (1486-1541)

 

 

Psalm 51:3-19

Michael A. Lyons, “Psalm 22 and the `Servants’ of Isaiah 54; 56—66”[6]

 

 

Psalm 51:3-6

Overview[7]

 

 

Psalm 51:4

Friedrich Nausea (c. 1496-1552)[8]

 

 

Psalm 51:4[9]

Viktorin Strigel (1524-1569)

 

Calvin

 

Johannes Bugenhagen (1485-1558)

 

 

Psalm 51:4

Huldrych Zwingli (1484-1531)[10]

 

 

Psalm 51:5

Calvin[11]

 

 

Psalm 51:12

Kevin W. Irwin, The Sacraments:  Historical Foundations and Liturgical Theology[12]

 

 

Psalm 51:16-17

Overview[13]

 

 

Psalm 51:17

Tilemann Hesshus (1527-1588)[14]

 

 

Romans 5:12-19

Funerals also uses Romans 5:17-21, 345#3 in Part III: Texts of Sacred Scripture, 13. Funerals for Adults.[15]  The Lectionary uses Romans 5:12-19 for the Twelfth Sunday in Ordinary Time, Reading 94A.

 

Rom 5:1-2

Robert L. Foster, “The Justice of the Gentiles:  Revisiting the Purpose of Romans”[16]

 

 

Romans 5:12-21

Ronald L. Tyler, review of Felipe de Jesús Legarreta-Castillo, The Figure of Adam in Romans 5 and 1 Corinthians 15:  The New Creation and its Ethical and Social Reconfiguration[17]

Tyler reports that Legarreta-Castillo,

 

believes that Paul unites two general traditions:  the Christian tradition regarding the meaning of Jesus’ death and the Jewish tradition that ascribed to Adam the beginning of sin and death in the world.  The righteousness of Christ is the source of righteousness for all humanity.  From this Paul exhorts ethical behavior as an outgrowth of the theology.  L.-C. is absolutely correct in this view of Paul.

 

Romans 5:12-21

Brendan Byrne, S.J., “A Pauline Complement to Laudato Si’”[18]

 

 

Romans 5:12, 15-21

Luther, “Preface to German Mass and Order of Service, 1526”[19]

 

 

Romans 5:12

Philips[20]

 

 

Romans 5:14

Luther[21]

 

 

Rom 5:16

Stephen Finlan, review of Simon Gathercole, Defending Substitution:  An Essay on Atonement in Paul[22]

Finlan reports,

 

In this short book (128 pages, paper) there are many issues G. does not address.  For instance, G. is only “defending substitution” in the sense that he is establishing its exegetical presence in Paul; he does not explicitly defend substitution from the charge that it is inherently problematic, ethically and psychologically.  The book’s narrow focus prevents it from functioning as an adequate introduction to Pauline atonement, but it is an important addition to the subject, offering insightful exegesis.

 

Matthew 4:4b

 

 

Matthew 4:1-11

Matt 4:1-11

Daniel J. Harrington, S.J., review of Reinhard Feldmeier, Macht-Dienst-Demut:  Ein nautestamentlicher [sic]  Beitrag sur Ethik[23]

 

 

Matthew 4:1-11

Michael Morris, “Deuteronomy in the Matthean and Lucan Temptation I n Light of Early Jewish Antidemonic Tradition”[24]

 

 

Matthew 4:1-11

Johann Baumgart (1514-1578)[25]

 

 

Matthew 4:1-11

Lambert Daneau (1535-1595)[26]

 

 

Matt 4:3

José Enrique Aguilar Chiu, “A Theological Reading of exepneusen in Mark 15:37,39”[27]

 

 

Mathew 4:3

Daniel B. Wallace, With Scripture, Subject, and Greek Word Indexes: Greek Grammar:  Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament[28]

 

 

Matt 4:8

Richard I. Pervo, review of Mikeal C. Parsons, Luke[29]

 

 

Matthew 4:3

Johannes Brenz(1499-1570)[30]

 

 

Matthew 4:9-10

Heinrich Bullinger (1504-1575)[31]

 

 

Matt 4:11

Matthew L. Skinner, review of Bruce W. Longenecker, Hearing the Silence:  Jesus on the Edge and God in the Gap.  Luke 4 in Narrative Perspective[32]

 

 

For more on sources see the Appendix file.  A complete set of Personal Notes, dating from the Fifteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time, July 14, 2002 to the present, is on the web site at www.western-civilization.com/CBQ/Personal%20Notes. 

 

 

 

In the gobbledygook prayer at Sunday Mass immediately following the Gloria, the Faithful hearing the 2011 Roman Missal can listen for “we may grow in understanding.”[33]  The Responsorial Antiphon for this Sunday is Be merciful, O Lord, for we have sinned (Psalm 51:cf. 3a)[34]  Between November 25, 2011 and November 25, 2012, Personal Notes systematically examined the illiterate 2011 Missal.  For a more thorough examination of the illiterate 2011 Roman Missal, go to 1610 Missal: Thirty-fourth Sunday in Ordinary Time 121125.pdf/htm at http://www.western-civilization.com/CBQ/Personal%20Notes/Personal%20Notes.htm.

 

 

 

This is a call for grace that some Black Baptists bring to mind with Beloved, if God so loves us, we ought also to love one another (1 John 4:11).[35] 

 

Addenda

 

Due to greater responsiveness at the National Catholic Reporter blog, beginning with the Fourth Sunday in Lent, Reading 032B, March 15, 2015, my interest began shifting from annotating my index here, to engaging conversation there.  I may keep up the Bibliography, but without further comment.  Time will tell. 

 

On Wednesday, December 28, 2016, I discovered that my web site, www.western-civilization.com was receiving 1000 hits per day, from the United States, most of which were for these readings.  That complicates my priorities, priorities that require balancing between developing these Personal Notes, engaging writing on the National Catholic Reporter at https://www.ncronline.org/blogs/ncr-today, developing a Cleveland Organizing Branch of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH), attending to my archival resources at the Western Reserve Historical Society, and preparing my 1972 dissertation, “Cleveland and the Negro following World War II” for publication at least on the web.  I am the founding president of the Hampton Roads, from which the movie “Hidden Figures” arose, meaning that these priorities have potential consequences of note.

 

As, on June 23, 2015, I prepared Reading 110B for the Seventeenth Sunday in Ordinary time for July 26, I decided to begin reading unread book reviews and articles from Theological Studies for two reasons.  The first is I have already read every article cited in the Catholic Biblical Quarterly.  The second is that traditionally Theological Studies articles have been more helpful to my prayer life.  I also began reading unread book reviews in the Biblical Quarterly.  When perusing the Reformation Commentary on Scripture, I sometimes call attention to what I underlined there.

 

 



[1] the Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol. 76, No. 1 (January 2014), 134.

 

[2] the Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol. 78, No. 4 (October 2016), 612, 613.

 

[3] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  New Testament III:  Luke, Beth Kreitzer (ed.), general editor, Timothy George, associate General editor, Scott M. Manetsch, (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2015:  ISBN 978-0-8308-2014 (hardcover : alk. paper), P 1, Y 15) 316, fn. 12.

 

[4] International Commission on English in the Liturgy: A Joint Commission of Catholic Bishops’ Conferences, The Roman Ritual: Revised by Decree of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council and published by Authority of Pope Paul IV: Order of Christian Funerals: Including Appendix 2: Cremation: Approved for use in the Dioceses of the United States of America by the National Conference of Catholic Bishops and Confirmed by the Apostolic See (New Jersey: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1998)271-272, 304-305.

 

[5] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  Old Testament VII:  Psalms 1—72, Timothy George (ed.), general editor, Scot M. Manetsch, Associate General editor, Herman J. Selderhuis (ed.), (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2015, ISBN 978 0 8308-2957-6 (hardcover : alk. paper), P 1, Y 15) 382-389.

 

[6] the Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol. 77, Vol. 4 (July 2015), 646.

 

[7] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  Old Testament VII:  Psalms 1—72, Timothy George (ed.), general editor, Scot M. Manetsch, Associate General editor, Herman J. Selderhuis (ed.), (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2015, ISBN 978 0 8308-2957-6 (hardcover : alk. paper), P 1, Y 15) 62.

 

[8] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  New Testament IV:  John 1—12, Craig S. Farmer (ed.), general editor, Timothy George, Associate General editor, Scott M. Manetsch (ed.), (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2014, ISBN 978 0 8308-2967-5 (hardcover : alk. paper), P 1, Y 14) 167, fn. 34.

 

[9] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  Old Testament V:  1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Timothy George (ed.), general editor, Scot M. Manetsch, Associate General editor, Derek Cooper and Martin J. Lohrmann (ed.), (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2016, ISBN 978 0 8308-2955-2 (hardcover : alk. paper), P 1, Y 16) 18, fn. 2; 168; 276, fn. 13.

 

[10] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  New Testament III:  Luke, Beth Kreitzer (ed.), general editor, Timothy George, associate General editor, Scott M. Manetsch, (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2015:  ISBN 978-0-8308-2014 (hardcover : alk. paper), P 1, Y 15) 314, fn. 8.

 

[11] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  New Testament VI:  Acts, Esther Chung-Kim and Todd R. Hains (eds.), general editor, Timothy George, associate General editor, Scott M. Manetsch, (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2014:  ISBN 978-0-8308-2969-9 (print) P 1 Y 14) 362, fn. 11.

 

[12] (New York:  Paulist Press, 2016), 269.

 

[13] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  New Testament VI:  Acts, Esther Chung-Kim and Todd R. Hains (eds.), general editor, Timothy George, associate General editor, Scott M. Manetsch, (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2014:  ISBN 978-0-8308-2969-9 (print) P 1 Y 14) 59.

 

[14] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  New Testament VI:  Acts, Esther Chung-Kim and Todd R. Hains (eds.), general editor, Timothy George, associate General editor, Scott M. Manetsch, (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2014:  ISBN 978-0-8308-2969-9 (print) P 1 Y 14) 123 fn. 17.

 

[15] International Commission on English in the Liturgy: A Joint Commission of Catholic Bishops’ Conferences, The Roman Ritual: Revised by Decree of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council and published by Authority of Pope Paul IV: Order of Christian Funerals: Including Appendix 2: Cremation: Approved for use in the Dioceses of the United States of America by the National Conference of Catholic Bishops and Confirmed by the Apostolic See (New Jersey: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1998) 214.

 

[16] the Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol. 76, No. 4 (October 2014), 695.

 

[17] the Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol. 77, No. 3 (July 2015) 561.

 

[18] Theological Studies, Vol. 77, No. 2 (June 2016) 308-327.

 

[19] In Scott H. Hendrix, ed. and trans., Early Protestant Spirituality (New York, Mahwah: Paulist Press, 2009) 285.

 

[20] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  Old Testament VII:  Psalms 1—72, Timothy George (ed.), general editor, Scot M. Manetsch, Associate General editor, Herman J. Selderhuis (ed.), (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2015, ISBN 978 0 8308-2957-6 (hardcover : alk. paper), P 1, Y 15) 179, fn. 30.

 

[21] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  Old Testament VII:  Psalms 1—72, Timothy George (ed.), general editor, Scot M. Manetsch, Associate General editor, Herman J. Selderhuis (ed.), (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2015, ISBN 978 0 8308-2957-6 (hardcover : alk. paper), P 1, Y 15) 365, fn. 3.

 

[22] the Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol. 78, No. 3 (July 2016) 546.

 

[23] the Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol. 76, No. 2 (April 2014) 351.

 

[24] the Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol. 78, No. 2 (April 2016) 290.

 

[25] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  New Testament III:  Luke, Beth Kreitzer (ed.), general editor, Timothy George, associate General editor, Scott M. Manetsch, (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2015:  ISBN 978-0-8308-2014 (hardcover : alk. paper), P 1, Y 15) 489, fn. 20.

 

[26] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  Old Testament V:  1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Timothy George (ed.), general editor, Scot M. Manetsch, Associate General editor, Derek Cooper and Martin J. Lohrmann (ed.), (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2016, ISBN 978 0 8308-2955-2 (hardcover : alk. paper), P 1, Y 16) 130, fn. 12.

 

[27] the Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol. 78, NO. 4 (October 2016) 690.

 

[28] Grand Rapids: Michigan: Zondervan, 1996, 223, 234, 264, 475, 404.

 

[29] the Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol. 78, No. 1 (January 2016) 171.

 

[30] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  New Testament IV:  John 1—12, Craig S. Farmer (ed.), general editor, Timothy George, Associate General editor, Scott M. Manetsch (ed.), (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2014, ISBN 978 0 8308-2967-5 (hardcover : alk. paper), P 1, Y 14) 123, fn. 7.

 

[31] in Reformation Commentary on Scripture:  Old Testament V:  1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Timothy George (ed.), general editor, Scot M. Manetsch, Associate General editor, Derek Cooper and Martin J. Lohrmann (ed.), (Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic:  An imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2016, ISBN 978 0 8308-2955-2 (hardcover : alk. paper), P 1, Y 16) 356, fn. 8.

 

[32] the Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol. 76, No. 2 (April 2014) 364.

 

[33] n.a., The Roman Missal:  Renewed by Decree of the Most Holy Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, Promulgated by Authority of Pope Paul VI and Revised at the Direction of Pope John Paul II:  English Translation According to the Third Typical Edition:  For Use in the Dioceses of the United States of America:  Approved by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops and Confirmed by the Apostolic See (Washington, DC, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, 2011) 216..  Personal Notes refers to this book as the Missal.

 

[34] National Conference of Catholic Bishops, The Roman Missal Restored by Decree of the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican and Promulgated by Authority of Pope Paul VI: Lectionary for Mass:  For Use in the Dioceses of the United States of America:  Second Typical Edition:  Volume I:  Sundays, Solemnities, Feasts of the Lord and the Saints (Collegeville, Minnesota:  The Liturgical Press, 1988) 143.  Personal Notes refers to this book as the Lectionary.

 

[35] UMI Annual Sunday School Lesson Commentary:  Precepts for Living ®: 2016-2017:  International Sunday School Lessons:  Volume 19:  UMI (Urban Ministries, Inc.), A. Okechuku Ogbonnaya, Ph.D., (ed.) (Chicago, IL  60643: UMI (Urban Ministries, Inc.), 2016) 290-261.