Western Civilization

Part II From the Treaty of Westphalia to the Atom

II. Democratic Truth Determining Regional Politics (1820 to 1900)

HIS 102 29--Informal Review

Last Revised August 26, 2002

Raymond J. Jirran

Topic 21, Romanticism is about an emotional reaction to the Enlightenment. The German Goethe's wrote Faust in 1808. The Pope condemned Lamennais in 1834. Victor Hugo wrote his great novel of the Fifteenth Century, Notre Dame De Paris in 1831, the same year the great philosopher, Hegel, died.

Topic 17, Social Changes divide around the 1847 Irish potato famine.

Topic 18, Revolution Renewed, has two main focal points, 1830 and 1848, beginning in France and reverberating throughout Europe.

Topic 19, Crimean War, that involved the decline of the Ottoman Empire from 1683 to 1914. The Crimean War began in 1853. Russia lost. England won.

Topic 20, German Unification, occurred under Bismarck in 1871. By 1913, Germany was producing eighty-five per cent of the world's dyes and a quarter of the chemical industry output.

 Topic 21, Industrial Revolution, 1994-1999, a third of all U.S. households have computers, 10,000 years ago, Neolithic (first) industrial Revolution; 1876, Nicolaus August Otto develops first recognizable ancestor of the modern automobile engine; there were more televisions in the world in 1976 than there were telephones: 364 million to 360 million; newspaper journalism took from 1695 to 1865 to get rid of government interference at either the point of production or distribution; Marshall McLuhan (1911-1980).

Topic 22, Economic History mixes politics and truth more than the other lectures. The U.S. economy declined from the 1968 election of Richard M. Nixon to just before the 1992 election of Bill Clinton. The Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act of 1978 codified the Employment Act of 1946. Both Jimmy Carter and Reagan that policy. to the end of 1983, when George Bush took office. John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946), the English economist, is the bedrock thinker for sound economic policies.